FDR fascist coup? In Germany the fascists were known as the National Socialist German Workers’ Party.
FDR fascist coup: Most people would think of FDR as a socialist and hardly a fascist, but his actions speak for themselves.
Excerpt from The American Story by Garet Garrett
The President said: “. . . in some respects government sits down at a table of partnership with business; but in others it exerts the superior authority of police power, to enforce fairness and justice as they should exist among the various elements in economic life . . . if an industry fails voluntarily to agree within itself, unquestioned power must rest in the government.”
All the consequences were grotesque.
FDR fascist coup — the Nordic Gods approve.
Business embraced the idea with enthusiasm. It was sick; it had been without profit for a long time. All it could see at first was that each industry, each trade, each segment of business, was going to be asked to write its own agreement — to be called a Code — and the government was going to seal it. True, it might be putting itself into a strait garment; at least it would be a garment with pockets in it. Popular demonstrations were organized in the cities. In New York City a quarter of a million people marched to celebrate the obsequies of depression.
To administer the NRA the President appointed Gen. Hugh Johnson, retired — an Oklahoma soldier with a genius for extensive organization, a little law, a little economics, a fury of invective, a passion for hippodrome and a weakness for blowing his fuses. Power was his firewater.
Nearly every business, from steel and motor car makers down to butchers, had some kind of trade association; if not it could get one up in a hurry. Johnson summoned the trade associations to appear before him in Washington, received their genuflections coldly, lectured them, bullied them, rode them hard as they wrote their Codes and knocked their heads together if he caught them trying to put something over on the government; then he sent them home with their Codes in one hand and lithographs of the Blue Eagle in the other. Your Blue Eagle, whoever you were, was to show that you had signed with NRA to do your part, and, above all, that you were not a chisler. A chisler was one who charged less than the Code price; and he was a public enemy.
FDR fascist coupe? Put the blue eagle in your window or else.
Suddenly the Blue Eagle was everywhere, like something that happens to the landscape in the night — in every store window, in the barber shop, on the bank door, on office walls, at the factory gate, over the news-dealer’s stand.
Its significance was that of the brass serpent held aloft by Moses. If you looked upon it and believed you were saved from the fiery serpents sent by God to scourge a willful people. The fiery serpents in this case were little bands of NRA workers, with NRA pencils and paper in their hands, going to and fro in the streets and through public places, aggressively demanding that people stop in their tracks and sign a pledge to boycott any place of business that did not display the Blue Eagle. That was Johnson at his worst and best.
FDR fascist coup? Eleanor Roosevelt promotes the mark of the beast.
He proclaimed: “May Almighty God have mercy on anyone who attempts to trifle with that bird.”
A little tailor in Jersey City did. He pressed a pair of pants for five cents less than the price fixed by the Tailor’s Code. For that he was hauled to Court, fined and sent to prison. The storm of derision and ridicule that broke upon the NRA’s head got him out of jail; but he had learned his lesson, and promised thereafter to keep the Code.
Nevertheless, Johnson succeeded in creating a kind of mass hysteria for the Blue Eagle. Those who refused to sign up were denounced as chislers and social hyenas and were boycotted, besides. Very few could withstand the pressure. One who did was Henry Ford, standing alone in the motor industry and alone against his own associates. Another was Senator Carter Glass, who said that sooner than see the Blue Eagle in its window he would happily watch his Virginia newspaper plant burn down.
Join or die.
Organized labor was friendly to the Blue Eagle because, in the first place, the NRA plan was that wages should rise faster than prices, and because, secondly, the National Industrial Recovery Act contained a charter for unionism. That was the famous Section 7a, which had to be included in every Code; and it provided that labor should have the right to bargain collectively through representatives of its own choosing, touching such matters as minimum wages, minimum hours and conditions of work. To administer that part of the law the President created a National Labor Relations Board which was much more sympathetic to the wage earner than to the employer.
Excerpt from Hamilton’s Curse by Thomas J. Dilorenzo:
Display the seal or go to jail.
Modern-day Hamiltonians like writer Michael Lind refer to all of these mercantilist policies as “economic nationalism,” a phrase that implies the policies somehow benefit the entire nation. They claim that such policies were finally embraced nationally during FDR’s New Deal, and they are right, at least with regard to corporate welfare. The hallmarks of FDR’s “First New Deal” (1933–34) were the National Industrial Recovery Act and the Agricultural Adjustment Act. The former law created the National Industrial Recovery Administration (NIRA), which attempted to create a cartel in every manufacturing industry by adopting “price codes” — government-imposed controls that artificially pushed prices up. The system reflected FDR’s belief in the convoluted and false theory that low prices had caused the Great Depression.
More than 700 industry “price codes” were adopted and enforced by literally thousands of code police, led by a former army general named Hugh Johnson.
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The NIRA was an extreme form of Hamiltonian mercantilism. This country has never seen a closer relationship between business and government. Of course, it only made the great depression worse. Monopolies tend to reduce production in order to charge higher prices. Reduced production is always accompanied by reduced employment. What was needed was more production, which would have led to more employment.
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John T. Flynn, one of the most prominent critics of FDR, noted the similarity between the first New Deal in America and economic fascism in Italy. Mussolini ” organized each trade or Industrial group or professional group into a state-supervised trade association. He called it a cooperative. These cooperatives operated under state supervision and could plan production, quality, prices, distribution, labor standards, etc.” The NIRA in America “provided that in American industry each industry should be organized into a federally supervised trade association. It was not called a cooperative. It was called a Code Authority. But it was essentially the same thing . . . [T]his was fascism.